Ontario's Government for the People implemented the latest phase of its planned response to the federal government's legalization of cannabis by passing strict new regulations to protect children and youth, keep communities and roads safe and combat the illegal market.
The result of widespread consultations with the people of Ontario, these regulations provide clarity for a private recreational cannabis store system that will begin April 1, 2019 under the close oversight of the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO).
The regulations establish a minimum distance of 150 metres (approximately 500 feet) between cannabis retail stores and schools, including private and federally-funded First Nation schools off-reserve. This distance buffer will help protect students and keep communities safe, while other regulations will combat the influence and participation of organized crime in the legal licensed framework.
Other new strict regulations established by the Ontario Government include:
- Retailers will not be permitted to allow anyone under the age of 19 to enter their stores. This approach and other regulations were developed to address the risk of youth exposure to the cannabis retail market.
- Specific instances in which applicants will be denied a licence, including cannabis-related criminal offences. Notably, illegal cannabis retailers who were operating after October 17, 2018 are not eligible for Ontario cannabis sales licenses.
- A prohibition on the issuance of a licence to any individual or organization who has an association with organized crime.
- Requirement that individuals or entities applying for an operator licence demonstrate their tax compliance status to show that they are in good standing with the government.
- A requirement for all private recreational cannabis retail storefronts to be stand-alone stores only.
- Individuals with a store authorization, cannabis retail managers and all retail employees will be required to complete the approved training to ensure that any individual who works in the cannabis retail market is trained in the responsible sale of cannabis.
- The government has consulted with municipalities, Indigenous communities, law enforcement, public health advocates, businesses and consumer groups, as well as representatives from other provinces to create these new regulations.
- The private retail store model will be tightly-regulated and strictly enforced by the AGCO, establishing a zero-tolerance approach for any retailer who provides cannabis to anyone under the age of 19.
- It is anticipated that the AGCO will begin accepting applications on December 17, 2018 and private retailing of cannabis will begin on April 1, 2019.
- The government has committed to providing $40 million over two years to help municipalities with the implementation costs of recreational cannabis legalization.
- Private retail recreational cannabis stores will be permitted to open between 9:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m. on any day. These operating hours are consistent with on-site retail stores for alcohol and will provide retailers with the flexibility to respond to local market conditions and consumer demands.
- A market concentration limit of 75 stores per operator has been set to prevent a high degree of market consolidation, promote opportunities for small businesses and promote investment in the cannabis retail sector.