Changes to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program

Employment and Social Development Canada

In order to prevent unnecessary hardship and instability for both workers and employers, the four-year cumulative duration rule will no longer apply to temporary foreign workers in Canada, effective immediately.

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The cumulative duration rule, known as the “four-in, four-out” rule, was put in place in April 2011, limiting work for some temporary foreign workers in Canada to four years who then became ineligible to work in Canada for the next four years.

For those temporary foreign workers who do not currently have access, the government continues to work to further develop pathways to permanent residency so that eligible applicants are able to more fully contribute to Canadian society.

As part of efforts to ensure that Canadians have first access to available job opportunities, the government will require low-wage employers, where appropriate, to advertise to more than one, and up to four, under-represented groups in the workforce—youth, persons with disabilities, Indigenous people and newcomers. Employers will be advised when these changes are to come into effect.

The government will maintain the cap on the proportion of low-wage temporary foreign workers that can be employed at a given worksite at 20 percent for employers who accessed the program prior to June 20, 2014, and at 10 percent for new users of the program after that date. The exemption on the cap for seasonal industries seeking temporary foreign workers for up to 180 days during the 2017 calendar year will be extended until December 31, 2017.

These actions are in line with recommendations made by the Standing Committee on Human Resources, Skills and Social Development and Status of Persons with Disabilities, which undertook a study of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. The government will table a full response to the Standing Committee’s recommendations in the new year.